How do I go from the US to Canada?

As a US resident looking to immigrate to Canada, you have several options at your disposal.

Which option you pursue will depend on your individual circumstances and goals.

To achieve their Canadian immigration goal, US residents will need to meet specific criteria consistent with the program for which they apply.

Economic Category: Express Entry

Express Entry is the Canadian government’s primary method of bringing foreign skilled workers into the country, but it is not a Canadian immigration program. Express Entry is simply an online system used to cumulatively manage skilled worker applications from three different programs – the Canadian Experience Class (CEC), the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), and the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) is the name given to.

The Express Entry system works by providing the top scoring candidates in the pool an Invitation to Apply (ITA) – a requirement to apply for permanent residency in Canada through Express Entry.

The Express Entry process for handing out ITAs relies on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which scores and ranks candidates in all three of the above programs (CEC, FSWP, and FSTP) based on various factors. Based on cut-off scores, which change prior to each bi-weekly Express Entry draw, the ITA will be sent to a number of highest-scoring Express Entry candidates who can submit applications for Canadian permanent residency.

Economic Class: Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Canada has provincial nominating programs in 11 of the country’s 13 United Provinces and Territories, except Quebec and Nunavut, which allow each province to “hand-pick” immigration hopes, which they believe They will be helped to meet the needs of the particular labor market for the sector.

There are two types of PNP: “advanced” programs, which align with Express Entry; and “Aadhaar” programs that operate independently of the Express Entry system.

Advanced programs come from the Express Entry pool of candidates. A provincial enrollment through one of these PNPs will add 600 points to the candidate’s CRS score for Express Entry. This will essentially guarantee that any PNP recipient will receive ITA in subsequent Express Entry draws.

Meanwhile, Aadhaar PNP could be an option for those ineligible for express entry. For immigration through Aadhaar PNP, you apply in the province, and if you are eligible, get enrolled. With your certificate, you can apply for permanent residency in Canada through the federal government.

Task: Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA)

As of July 2020, the agreement formerly known as NAFTA was replaced by the Canada-United States-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). Through CUSMA, residents of the US have an easier way to work in Canada because the employer for whom they work in this country has to face the lengthy and sometimes costly process involved in filling out the Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). will be allowed to leave.

An LMIA assesses the expected impact of introducing a foreign national into the Canadian labor market. As long as an employer can demonstrate that hiring a foreign worker will have a positive or neutral effect on the Canadian labor market, the process should go smoothly.

CUSMA work permits are divided into the following four categories.

CUSMA Professional: People who qualify as a CUSMA Professional must be equipped to work in one of approximately 60 target occupations in Canada. CUSMA professionals must have “pre-arranged employment in Canada, or a service contract with a Canadian company, in an occupation that matches their professional qualifications.” They may also be required to provide proof of education credentials and work experience, depending on their target occupation.

CUSMA Intra-Company Transfers (ICTs): Under this category, CUSMA ICTs who are being temporarily relocated to work for a Canadian branch, subsidiary or associate of their US or Mexican employer must be currently employed in a Mexican or US company; Have worked continuously for at least one year (out of the last three) and are considered to have “managerial, executive, or specialized knowledge involved” in the nature of their work.

CUSMA Traders: To be eligible for a work permit under this category, CUSMA traders must prove that they are entering Canada with the intention of conducting “substantial trade” between Canada and their home country (either the United States or Mexico). Huh.

Note: Substantial trade occurs when “more than 50% of the trade” [occurs] between Canada and one of the other countries”, as calculated based on the quantity or value of the goods/services being exchanged by the merchant’s employer.

CUSMA Investors: A CUSMA investor is someone who has made a major investment in a new or existing business within Canada and is attempting to enter the country to develop and direct that business, rather than working hand in hand. This will require a determination that the individual has a controlling stake in the company and can demonstrate that they will direct, control and guide employees. Required staff members of CUSMA Investor may also be granted a work permit under this category.

Functions: Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and International Mobility Program (IMP)

US residents are eligible to obtain a work permit under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) or the International Mobility Program (IMP), but work permits granted through TFWP require an LMIA and do not require an IMP work permit it occurs. Other differences between TFWP and IMP are their goals, as TFWP aims to fill labor market gaps whereas IMP is designed to broaden Canada’s economic, social and cultural interests in general.

TFWP and IMP are just two examples of options US residents have to explore temporarily coming to Canada. Several other immigration programs exist to help people living in the US immigrate to Canada with permanent residency.

family sponsorship

Canada offers its permanent residents and citizens the ability to sponsor their spouses, common law partners, children, parents and grandparents – assuming they are medically and criminally acceptable. Canadians may also sponsor other relatives (siblings, aunts, uncles) due to specific circumstances.

Spouses residing in the US and common law partners may be brought to Canada by their partners if they meet eligibility criteria including being 18 years of age or older and in an ongoing, substantive relationship with a Canadian Includes who can support you and anyone else financially. You can have children. During the spousal/common-law partner sponsorship decision process, a US resident in the relationship may also be able to obtain a Spousal Open Work Permit (SOWP).

Study: Study Permit and Postgraduate Work Permit (PGWP)

Those residing in the US and wishing to study in Canada must obtain a study permit, which can be done after receiving a letter of acceptance from a Canadian Designated Educational Institution (DLI).

Immigrating to Canada through certain programs will require US residents to complete an educational program from a Canadian DLI, which in many cases will also qualify individuals wishing for a Postgraduate Work Permit (PGWP). A PGWP permit will allow the recipient to work in Canada for up to three years.

This combination of work and study experience in Canada will open up many immigration routes for current residents of the US, but many immigration options are available to those who have completed their education and simply want to come to Canada for work – especially if The person is a US citizen.

proof of citizenship

As a U.S. resident, Americans born to a first-generation Canadian citizen may seek the opportunity to acquire Canadian citizenship for themselves.

Whether the American has Canadian parents living or deceased, proof of citizenship from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) can confer citizenship in Canada if they are able to demonstrate that their biological or legal parent is indeed were a Canadian citizen when they were born. Evidence used as proof in this situation can include things like a birth certificate from Canadian parents, a Canadian citizenship card, or a citizenship certificate.

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